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9 Articles of the Mexican Constitution Worth Learning About

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9 Articles of the Mexican Constitution Worth Learning About

Sophia Boccard

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On February 5, 1917, the Mexican Constitutional Congress approved and signed into effect the Mexican Constitution that today, still stands exactly as it did 101 years ago. What started as a social and cultural movement led to a violent Revolution that claimed many lives. Today, the date the Constitution went into effect is celebrated with many businesses, government offices, postal services, and schools closing-down for a three-day holiday weekend that includes festivals and street celebrations. We’ve called out some of the most significant Articles that helped frame the social and political backdrop for Mexico today. Let’s get your Mexican history on!

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Articles

Article 1 can be summed as giving the rights that are listed in the Constitution, outlawing slavery and protection from all types of discrimination, to every single Individual in Mexico. 

Article 3 is a long one, but it’s one of the most important elements that helped shape the Mexican government to allow for education to be church-free. The standard of education shall allow that education be “maintained entirely apart from any religious doctrine and, based on the results of scientific progress, shall strive against ignorance and its effects, servitudes, fanaticism, and prejudices.”

A fair trial is a requirement under Article 14 that lists “No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, property, possessions, or rights without a trial by a duly created court in which the essential formalities of procedure are observed and in accordance with laws issued prior to the act.”

 Relatos e Historias de Mexico

Relatos e Historias de Mexico

Cruel and unusual punishment is prohibited, according to Article 22. Specifically, penalties of death, mutilation, infamy, marks, physical punishments, torments, excessive fines, and even confiscation of assets are all abolished.

As long as each person does not constitute an offense punishable by law, Article 24 states that every individual is “free to embrace the religion of his choice and to practice all ceremonies, devotions, or observances of his respective faith, either in places of public worship or at home”. 

Uniquely a Mexican right, Article 27 states that the government has the right to seize property for the good of the nation. This led to the creation of ejidos, a piece of land farmed communally under a system supported by the state, and thus allowing individual community members to farm and own said land.

 100 Aniversario de la Promulgación de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos

100 Aniversario de la Promulgación de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos

In order to be elected minister of the Supreme Court of Justice, according to Article 95, the individual must be a Mexican citizen by birth and not be over 65 or less than 35 at the time of his or her election.

Article 123 gave workers the right to strike, receive a day’s rest per week, work a maximum of eight-hours each day, and be given the right to equal pay for equal work, regardless of sex or nationality.  

Article 130 helped separate church and state, and restricts churches from having any kind of legal status. It denies individual ministers and the church from any right to vote or freedom of speech, preventing the religious entities from criticizing the law or government.