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Filtering by Category: History

9 Articles of the Mexican Constitution Worth Learning About

Sophia Boccard

 tips for romantic weekend in mazatlan

On February 5, 1917, the Mexican Constitutional Congress approved and signed into effect the Mexican Constitution that today, still stands exactly as it did 101 years ago. What started as a social and cultural movement led to a violent Revolution that claimed many lives. Today, the date the Constitution went into effect is celebrated with many businesses, government offices, postal services, and schools closing-down for a three-day holiday weekend that includes festivals and street celebrations. We’ve called out some of the most significant Articles that helped frame the social and political backdrop for Mexico today. Let’s get your Mexican history on!

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Articles

Article 1 can be summed as giving the rights that are listed in the Constitution, outlawing slavery and protection from all types of discrimination, to every single Individual in Mexico. 

Article 3 is a long one, but it’s one of the most important elements that helped shape the Mexican government to allow for education to be church-free. The standard of education shall allow that education be “maintained entirely apart from any religious doctrine and, based on the results of scientific progress, shall strive against ignorance and its effects, servitudes, fanaticism, and prejudices.”

A fair trial is a requirement under Article 14 that lists “No person shall be deprived of life, liberty, property, possessions, or rights without a trial by a duly created court in which the essential formalities of procedure are observed and in accordance with laws issued prior to the act.”

 Relatos e Historias de Mexico

Relatos e Historias de Mexico

Cruel and unusual punishment is prohibited, according to Article 22. Specifically, penalties of death, mutilation, infamy, marks, physical punishments, torments, excessive fines, and even confiscation of assets are all abolished.

As long as each person does not constitute an offense punishable by law, Article 24 states that every individual is “free to embrace the religion of his choice and to practice all ceremonies, devotions, or observances of his respective faith, either in places of public worship or at home”. 

Uniquely a Mexican right, Article 27 states that the government has the right to seize property for the good of the nation. This led to the creation of ejidos, a piece of land farmed communally under a system supported by the state, and thus allowing individual community members to farm and own said land.

 100 Aniversario de la Promulgación de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos

100 Aniversario de la Promulgación de la Constitución Política de los Estados Unidos Mexicanos

In order to be elected minister of the Supreme Court of Justice, according to Article 95, the individual must be a Mexican citizen by birth and not be over 65 or less than 35 at the time of his or her election.

Article 123 gave workers the right to strike, receive a day’s rest per week, work a maximum of eight-hours each day, and be given the right to equal pay for equal work, regardless of sex or nationality.  

Article 130 helped separate church and state, and restricts churches from having any kind of legal status. It denies individual ministers and the church from any right to vote or freedom of speech, preventing the religious entities from criticizing the law or government.

14 Monumental Events from Mexico’s Revolutionary War

Sophia Boccard

Revolution Day in Mexico is celebrated every year on November 20 to commemorate the official start of the Revolutionary War to overthrow dictator Porfirio Diaz. The revolution itself spanned 10 years, from 1910 to 1920, and led to the signing in of the Constitution in 1917. The Revolution of 1910-1920 helped shape Mexico’s fundamental direction as a country and her government. It’s important to note 17 of the most significant events that took place during this time that led to its conclusion.

1. General Porfirio Díaz had been in power for more than 30 years (1876-1911) and was known to lead with an iron fist. During his tenure, Mexico grew railroads, increased foreign capital, and maintained political stability. However, peasants and labor workers began to fight back, and soon, there was political unrest.

2. Ricardo Flores Magon created the Mexican Liberal Party on September 28, 1905 to help defend the two sectors.

3. A particular strike of miners on June 1, 1906 in the Cananea mine in Sonora became known as the Cananea Massacre after conflicts between the miners and many American cavalry caused 22 fatalities.

4. Francisco I. Madero, born from a wealthy family from Coahuila, founded the Anti Reelectionist Party 1909 and was selected to run for President during the elections of 1910.

5. On June 6, 1909, Francisco I. Madero was imprisoned for “inciting rebellion and offending the authorities,” and taken to a prison in San Luis Potosi.

6. On November 20, 1910 Madero fled from prison and called for a National Insurrection, declaring the electoral process in which Diaz won again, invalid and fraudulent.

7. Puebla, Coahuila, Chihuahua and Sonora were the first states to lead the uprising.

8. Francisco “Pancho” Villa led the charge in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua with Pascual Orozco. Here, Madero set up his provisional government. Porfirio Diaz resigned and fled the country.

 Pancho Villa. By Bain News Service, publisher. Photographer is unknown. Public domain.

Pancho Villa. By Bain News Service, publisher. Photographer is unknown. Public domain.

9. New elections took place in 1911 with Francisco Madero becoming the newly elected President of Mexico. 

10. Victoriano Huerta, appointed by former Porfirist generals to lead a military coup at the Mexican capital, participated in the Ten Tragic Days – a series of events that took place over ten days from the coup d’état to the assassination of Madero and his Vice President Jose Maria Pino Suarez on February 22, 1913.

11. Huerta led Mexico as a reported self-serving dictator for only a short time. Prior to his exile, revolutionary armies continued to grow their movement with Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, Alvaro Obregon and Venustiano Carranza leading their respective charges.

12. With the promulgation of a new revolutionary Mexican Constitution in 1917, Venustiano Carranza was elected president, serving from 1917 to 1920.

 Emiliano Zapata.  Wikipedia

Emiliano Zapata. Wikipedia

13. The Constitutionalist Army was renamed the Mexican National Army with the first order of business to eliminate threats, particularly Emiliano Zapata, who was assassinated in 1919.

14. As Carranza’s appointed commander of the revolutionary forces and his minister of war, Alvaro Obregón betrayed Carranza and launched a revolt against him leading to his assassination; he won the subsequent election with overwhelming support and was President of Mexico from 1920-1924, by which time the Revolutionary War had already ended.

Spotlight: When Did Mazatlan Become So French?

Sophia Boccard

Most people who know of and think about traveling to Mazatlán do so because the city has a reputation of being an affordable, resort-friendly destination with beaches, a handful of outdoor water activities, and eating an average meal at your all-inclusive resort. We personally see Mazatlan as so much more than just a stop-over for a cruise heading towards the ports of Puerta Vallarta and Cabo San Lucas.

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Mazatlan and Her Carnivals

Sophia Boccard

Carnival in Mazatlan materialized back in January 1898 by the people of the port who were looking to create an event that could be run by a civil committee. This alone makes Mazatlan’s Carnival the oldest in the country that continues to be run by a civilian committee that organizes and funds the grand festivities. On Tuesday, February 22 (of) 1898, the very first procession of floats, made up of decorated carts and bicycles, made their maiden journey through the crowds surrounding the streets of Plazuela Machado.
 

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15 Facts About El Faro Lighthouse

Sophia Boccard

Climbing to the top of the Cerro del Creston – a former island and home to one of the highest lighthouses in the world – is no easy feat. First, hike about 10 to 15 minutes, then climb hundreds of steps before reaching the top of the hill. However, once you make it to the top of the hill, you’ll experience unobstructed views of Mazatlan, especially on a clear day. Finding the entrance to start making your ascent is fairly simple, with large signs directing to the foot of the hill, past the fishing fleet shops. Read on to learn more about El Faro, and brush up on Mazatlan’s history.

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The Malecon: Mazatlan's Boardwalk is Over 190 Years Old

Sophia Boccard

The malecon in Mazatlan is the longest boardwalk in Latin America, stretching approximately 8 kilometers long. It officially starts at the end of Paseo Olas Altas where the bronze statue of the famous 1940’s era Mexican actor, singer Pedro Infante is located across the street from Casa Lucila Hotel Boutique. The boardwalk provides a guaranteed view of the beaches and sunsets, making it the most picturesque site in all of Mazatlan. It is important to note that while it provides countless Instagramable views, it didn’t start off as a unifying space for all to enjoy.

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12 Fun Facts About Mazatlan's Central Market

Sophia Boccard

If you plan on visiting Mazatlan, you must make a stop to the Central Market or Mercado Municipal located in Mazatlan's Historic Center. Steps from the Cathedral of the Immaculate Conception on the corner of Benito Juarez and Leandro Valle, the hustle and bustle of the Market can sometime's overwhelm the unassuming spectator. It's time to put on our big boy pants and hustle through the Market as it will be a highlight of your trip. Here are some fun facts about the Market so you can walk the aisles knowing a little bit of the building's history. 

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