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Filtering by Tag: mexico's revolutionary war

14 Monumental Events from Mexico’s Revolutionary War

Sophia Boccard

Revolution Day in Mexico is celebrated every year on November 20 to commemorate the official start of the Revolutionary War to overthrow dictator Porfirio Diaz. The revolution itself spanned 10 years, from 1910 to 1920, and led to the signing in of the Constitution in 1917. The Revolution of 1910-1920 helped shape Mexico’s fundamental direction as a country and her government. It’s important to note 17 of the most significant events that took place during this time that led to its conclusion.

1. General Porfirio Díaz had been in power for more than 30 years (1876-1911) and was known to lead with an iron fist. During his tenure, Mexico grew railroads, increased foreign capital, and maintained political stability. However, peasants and labor workers began to fight back, and soon, there was political unrest.

2. Ricardo Flores Magon created the Mexican Liberal Party on September 28, 1905 to help defend the two sectors.

3. A particular strike of miners on June 1, 1906 in the Cananea mine in Sonora became known as the Cananea Massacre after conflicts between the miners and many American cavalry caused 22 fatalities.

4. Francisco I. Madero, born from a wealthy family from Coahuila, founded the Anti Reelectionist Party 1909 and was selected to run for President during the elections of 1910.

5. On June 6, 1909, Francisco I. Madero was imprisoned for “inciting rebellion and offending the authorities,” and taken to a prison in San Luis Potosi.

6. On November 20, 1910 Madero fled from prison and called for a National Insurrection, declaring the electoral process in which Diaz won again, invalid and fraudulent.

7. Puebla, Coahuila, Chihuahua and Sonora were the first states to lead the uprising.

8. Francisco “Pancho” Villa led the charge in Ciudad Juarez, Chihuahua with Pascual Orozco. Here, Madero set up his provisional government. Porfirio Diaz resigned and fled the country.

Pancho Villa. By Bain News Service, publisher. Photographer is unknown. Public domain.

Pancho Villa. By Bain News Service, publisher. Photographer is unknown. Public domain.

9. New elections took place in 1911 with Francisco Madero becoming the newly elected President of Mexico. 

10. Victoriano Huerta, appointed by former Porfirist generals to lead a military coup at the Mexican capital, participated in the Ten Tragic Days – a series of events that took place over ten days from the coup d’état to the assassination of Madero and his Vice President Jose Maria Pino Suarez on February 22, 1913.

11. Huerta led Mexico as a reported self-serving dictator for only a short time. Prior to his exile, revolutionary armies continued to grow their movement with Emiliano Zapata, Pancho Villa, Alvaro Obregon and Venustiano Carranza leading their respective charges.

12. With the promulgation of a new revolutionary Mexican Constitution in 1917, Venustiano Carranza was elected president, serving from 1917 to 1920.

Emiliano Zapata.  Wikipedia

Emiliano Zapata. Wikipedia

13. The Constitutionalist Army was renamed the Mexican National Army with the first order of business to eliminate threats, particularly Emiliano Zapata, who was assassinated in 1919.

14. As Carranza’s appointed commander of the revolutionary forces and his minister of war, Alvaro Obregón betrayed Carranza and launched a revolt against him leading to his assassination; he won the subsequent election with overwhelming support and was President of Mexico from 1920-1924, by which time the Revolutionary War had already ended.